-Remove dead wood to healthy tissue, or cut off at the graft union if completely dead.
-Prune out weak and diseased wood.
-Cut out 'twiggy' growth (less than a pencil width, spindly twigs).
Cut lateral stems growing in wards.
-Disinfect your shears before you start, and disinfect again before moving on to the next bush.
-Look closely at where you make your cut. It should be above a healthy lateral bud (eye) that is facing the direction it will grow come spring.
-Cuts should be at an angle, about 1/4" above the swelling bud.
In mild climates, one may choose either:
-Severe pruning (cut to leave 3-4 canes, 6 to 10 inches high) = Produces fewer but bigger blooms.
-Moderate pruning (fuller bush), which is leaving 5-12 canes, cut to 18 to 24 inches.
-Light pruning (less than one-third of the plant is thinned out) increases the number of short-stemmed flowers that will be produced.
Click the button below to learn about pruning different types of roses.